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Overnight Funds – What, When and Why to Invest in them

Overnight Funds are the least risky mutual funds. They are less risky than the Liquid Mutual Funds as well.

This is a type of debt fund with practically no interest rate fluctuation risk and credit rating risk and low credit default risk. Overnight Funds are like investing in your savings bank account with slightly higher returns. This money can be part of your emergency fund or just money that you want to keep aside for a while for whatever reason without worrying about gains.

What is an overnight Mutual Fund work?

It is a debt mutual fund that invests in bonds that mature in one day! So at the start of each business day, the entire AUM would be in cash, overnight bonds would be purchased, they will mature the next business day, the fund manager would take the cash and buy more overnight bonds and so on. So each the NAV increase just a little bit due to the interest income.

Interest Rate Risk – If a bond matures the next business day, its price will not be affected if RBI changes the (overnight) interest rate. Next day, your bonds mature and you will buy new overnight bonds at the new rate.

Credit Rating Risk – If the credit rating of the bond issuer changes, the bond price will not be affected as your bond will mature the next day.

Default Risk –  There is a risk only if the issuer of the bond absconds with your money or refuses to pay up: credit default risk.  To manage this risk, there is collateral from the bond issuer. However, not fully covered, it still offers some protection for this risk.

In what product do these funds invest in?

Overnight funds invest in debt instruments with one day to maturity. When the bonds mature, the fund reinvests the proceeds in the next set of one-day instruments. The risk from default or fall in value within a day is negligible. Typically, the funds invest in collateralized borrowing and lending agreements (CBLO), a short term borrowing facility backed by securities of the central government through which mutual funds lend to banks and others, and reverse repos. Both of these are protected from credit risk since they are backed by collateral securities. The schemes may also invest in money market instruments such as treasury bills, certificates of deposit and commercial papers with residual maturity of not more than a day. If the interest rate for the day is high, the returns from overnight funds are up and vice-versa, with no impact on the value of the securities.

Who should choose overnight funds?

Anyone who wants to park money with the least amount of risk without worrying about returns.

A business owner who has a current account and thus, does not earn any interest on the cash lying in his/her account can invest in overnight funds to make some gains on their working capital.

Liquid Funds or Overnight Funds

Liquid funds holding securities with the highest credit quality will still earn better returns than overnight funds given that they hold securities with 25-30 days to maturity, while overnight funds cater to the need for a liquid investment with negligible risk for investors looking to park their funds for very short periods of time (a day maybe). 

Many liquid funds allow investors to withdraw up to 50,000 instantly, and offers useful online features, looking for a steady short-term ride or parking funds for your emergency needs – liquid funds are still preferable.

However, recently SEBI has announced certain changes where they have said there will be an exit load associated with liquid funds. However, the exact % and the impact of it is not yet announced. Once that is there, the investor will have to take an overall call based on the returns and the cost of investment.

Wealth Cafe Actionable – If you can manage a little risk, invest in overnight funds every Friday and withdraw the same on Monday earning gains over the weekend.

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What is SWP? How it works?

What is a Systematic Withdrawal Plan?

Systematic Withdrawal Plan is used to redeem your investment from a mutual fund scheme in a phased manner. Unlike lump-sum withdrawals, SWP enables you to withdraw money in installments. It can be viewed as the opposite of SIP. In SIP, you channelize your bank account savings into the preferred mutual fund scheme. Whereas in SWP, you channelize your investments from the scheme to the savings bank account. It is one of the strategies to deal with market fluctuations.

With the Systematic Withdrawal Plan, you can customize the cash flow as per your requirement. You can choose to either withdraw just the capital gains on your investment or a fixed amount. This way you will not only have your money still invested in the scheme, but you will also be able to access regular income and returns. The money that you withdraw can be used to reinvest in some other fund or can be retained by you in the form of cash.

Types of SWP –

There are 2 types of SWP

  1. Fixed SWP – where a fixed sum is withdrawn from the mutual fund on the set date, irrespective of the fund’s performance, hence, this method can erode your capital when the fund has not performed very well.
  2. Appreciation SWP – where only the gains (appreciation) that have happened in the scheme are redeemed on the set SWP date. Avoiding erosion of capital but can lead to erratic numbers each month.

How does SWP work?

An SWP gives surety of a stable payout to the investors at predetermined intervals. This implies that at some stage the investments will be completely repaid along with the gains in the hand of a mutual fund investor.

Hence, an investor is assured of getting a fixed amount at his/her pre-determined frequency through an SWP.

  • If the fund’s performance is good, the SWP will last longer.
  • If the performance is poor, it’ll finish sooner.
  • If your annual withdrawal is less than what the fund generates every year, you can continue earning from this mutual fund forever.

Why do I need to set up an SWP?

  • Manage the market risk  – SWP like SIP helps you to reduce your market volatility risk by averaging your return over a period of time. If you withdraw/deposit lumpsum amount at a given point of time, you are bearing the risk of markets going up or down after that. Through SWP, you are distributing it over a period of time. Where the markets are up, you make higher gains and vice versa. SWP is automatically doing that for you, you do not have to keep a continuous tab on the market.

Just as Systematic Investment Plans (SIP) avoid market risk at the time of investment, SWPs lower market risk at the time of redemption.

  • Regular Income for your family on retirement or otherwise – For retirees with huge corpus and need for regular income, SWP is a great option. Through this, the retirees can invest in mutual funds and set up SWP  equivalent to the amount they need each month for their regular expenses.
  • The second stream of income – For someone who wants additional income each month and has a large corpus that they have invested. SWP can work as a good option.
  • Reduced Taxation as compared to the dividend option – the redemption from SWP is taxable based on the mutual fund – debt or equity. Each SWP gains are taxable. However, even the dividends that you shall receive from the dividend option mutual funds are taxable. Hence, it is important to consider the tax impact before taking an investment decision.

Spreading investment over the right time period is the key. The STP can be done over a time period of three to four months or across several years. Investors are frequently at a loss as to how many monthly installments to break up the investments into. Since there is no underlying inflow as in the case of a salary that feeds a SIP, this is entirely at the discretion of the investor.

Consider the example of someone who came into R20 lakh in December 2007 and then invested it all in an equity fund. In four months, the money would be reduced to less than R10 lakh. In some cases, funds could have gone down to R5 or 6 lakh. After taking such a big hit, a person may never invest again. It will take about six years for him to break even. However, suppose this investor had invested gradually over 12 months. In that case, only about a tenth of the money would lose a lot of its value. Overall, averaging over a year, the acquisition cost would be such that the investment would hardly ever be in a loss. Of course, I’ve taken an extreme example to illustrate the concept, one that takes the investor from an all-time high peak to a low point. You could have started a little earlier, say in 2006 and then spread the investment over a longer period.

However, if you actually look back at the markets over the last decade, you will realize that while an STP generally helps one avoid a market peak and average costs, they are not a foolproof device.

Equity is equity and there’s no way of doing away all risks. However, based on what has happened over the last two decades in India, stretching an investment over two to three years is likely to capture enough of a market cycle to significantly reduce risk.

An Example of SWP

You have a corpus of INR 3 lakhs that you have decided to invest in a debt mutual fund and set up SWP of INR 10,000 each month. SWP of INR 10,000 will be redeemed from the mutual fund each month on the set date and that money will be transferred to your bank account. After the redemption, the balance amount in the mutual fund will be invested to grow.

Wealth Cafe Actionable – SWP works better when a person has invested and accumulated a significant sum (with respect to the withdrawal one is seeking). In a small investment, if the return generated is less than the regular payouts, it will fast erode capital. Also, when the markets are doing good, SWP will erode your capital and your invested amount will be redeemed. Balanced Funds are a good option to invest in while doing an SWP as it is taxed like a debt mutual fund but has 35% equity to help the corpus grow faster.

 

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What is an STP and how does it work?

What is STP?

Now almost every investor is familiar with the Systematic Investment Plan (SIP).  While SIP is the transfer of money from savings to a mutual fund plan, STP means transferring money from one mutual fund to another.

STP is a smart strategy to stagger your investment over a specific term to reduce risks and balance returns. For instance, if you invest ‘systematically’ in equity, you can earn risk-free returns even during volatile market scenarios. Here, an AMC permits you to put a lump sum in one fund, and transfer a fixed amount to another scheme regularly. The former fund is called source scheme or transferor scheme, and the latter is called the target scheme or destination scheme.

How does STP work?

One opts for an STP when there is a lump sum to invest and want to spread the risk of investing in one go over a period of time. Like a SIP, an STP helps spread out investments over a period of time to average the purchase cost and rule out the risk of getting into the market at its peak.

While Investing

However, with an STP, you invest a lump sum in one scheme (mostly a debt scheme) and transfer a fixed amount from this scheme regularly to another scheme (mostly an equity scheme).

The basic idea behind an STP is to earn a little extra on the lump sum while it is being deployed in equity since debt funds provide better returns than a normal savings bank account.

While Redemption

STP is also done from an Equity Fund to a debt Fund when you are approaching your long term goals for which you had invested in Equity Funds, you do not wait till the last day to redeem your investments. You start transferring your funds 2-3 years before the goal date to your debt fund. Now, where the markets are not at its best, you can do an STP from equity to debt. Where the market is very good, you could opt for a lumpsum transfer.

How to make the most of your STP investments?

As we had discussed in the Article – Why you should avoid timing the markets for your SIP and SIP’s automatically make the most of the market changes and help you average the cost of making mutual fund investments.  STP’s work on similar lines. STPs are also a method of making regular investments in mutual funds.

In STPs, you transfer funds from one mutual fund scheme to another, periodically.

Every month, a fixed sum flows into the investment, leading to cost averaging and eventual high returns. However, when it comes to investing a lump sum amount, you are faced with the challenge of how to manage the market risk. For anyone who has understood the efficacy of SIP, the right way to go about this kind of an investment is to put it into a liquid fund, and then do a monthly transfer from there.

Taxation of an STP

When you transfer from one mutual fund scheme to another, it is considered as sale and the same is taxable as per Mutual Fund taxation provisions.

In case of debt funds, if your holding period is less than 36 months, then the amount that you withdraw will form a part of your income. It will then be taxed according to your income slab. On the other hand, if the holding period is more than 36 months, then the long-term capital gains will be taxed at 20% with indexation.

In case of equity funds, if your holding period is less than 1 year, then the withdrawn amount will be taxed at the rate of 15%. On the other hand, if the holding period is more than 1 year, then the long-term capital gains will be taxed at 10% without indexation.

Wealth Cafe Actionable: Where you are a regular SIP investor and want to distribute your market risk and make use of cost averaging, Invest your lumpsum gains such as bonus, wedding gifts, etc into a liquid fund and set up an STP into an equity Fund

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Things to check in your Mutual Fund Account Statement?

A mutual fund statement is pretty much like your bank account statement. It is a complete summary of your mutual fund investments. While formats and layouts may vary across fund houses, the basic components remain the same.

The account statement is emailed to you occasionally or you can download the same from the respective Asset Management Company’s (AMC) website. You will have to go to the AMC (mutual fund company) website and register yourself if you have made investments from other aggregators. It is important to know that in spite of making investments from any source, you can always access the same on their website and sell/buy more from there.

The account statement looks like this:

1. Keep a record of your folio number. It is your reference number for the investment made. Each time you make an additional investment in an AMC, ensure that the folio number is the same. This will make it easier to track all your fund investments with a particular fund house. If you don’t use the same folio number, you will have many folio numbers over time and this will make tracking your investments difficult.

2. Ensure that the name of the bank and the account number are correct to avoid facing problems at the time of redemption.

3. Make sure you are KYC compliant and have made your FATCA declaration. FATCA is a US law and as per an India-US treaty, Indian fund investors have to declare if they are US citizens or not.

4. If you have invested through an agent, his/her name code and EUIN number will appear in the account statement. Take a note of it.

5. See your transaction summary. This section mentions the types of transactions that you have opted for, which also include purchase, SIPs, SWPs, etc.

6. Check the NAV date on your account statement. If you invest before 12 pm,  then same days NAV is used, if you invest around 3 pm, it is possible that your investments would be made on the following date. Hence, you must verify the same.

6. Understand your load structure. It gives you details about the entry and exit cost of your investment.

A fund statement is generated within two to three days of your investment in a particular scheme. You receive it within seven to ten working days if you have opted for a physical copy or in three to four working days on your registered email address. If you have not received one, you can always get in touch with the AMC that is managing your fund.

Wealth Cafe Actionable – You should verify your account statements after you have made investments. It is prudent practice to save the same regularly for any future reference.

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When is the right time to start your investments?

In our workshops, we have discussed with so many people who say that they are waiting for the markets to go down to start their investments or they are waiting to have enough before they start. Some may even argue to say that they want to enjoy life today and will invest tomorrow (in spite of having enough savings in their bank account). Some feel they are just waiting for the right time to start investing.

The RIGHT time to start your Investments is NOW

The best time was yesterday, but now that is gone right time is today. With every day you push to invest your money, you are reducing your money from growing and making wealth for you.

If you are following the basic rules, you will definitely get it right. It is quite usual for you to feel a bit nervous when you are investing in unfamiliar instruments for the first time. But you will learn on the way. So, don’t let your nervousness delay your investments further.

To help you understand what you are missing every time you are delaying your investment choice, we have tabulated below an example:

PriyaShreya
Sip50005000
SIP start Age2530
SIP Stop Age3060
Investment till Age6060
SIP done for how long (in years)530
Amount Invested 25,0001,50,000
At the age of 60, returns they got22,32,12521,73,726

In the above example, Priya started at the age of 25 and invested for only 5 years, until she was 30. However, she did not withdraw her investment out until she was 60.

On the other, Shreya started her investment only at the age of 30 and continued to invest until she was 60. She invested around INR 150,000 and Priya invested around INR 25,000.

You would obviously expect Shreya to make more money than Priya. But, it is Priya who has made great returns from just an investment of INR 25,000. This is the power of starting early.

When you start your investments today, you have to invest less and you will reach your goals sooner.

START NOW !!

It is possible that some of you may be anxious as to how should you start your investment and where to put your money. For all of you do not worry, doing a SIP for your mutual fund is a great start and we have written many blogs on how should you invest and are writing more.

Always try to match your goals with your investment choice. This will help you eliminate unwanted choices, and identify the right ones. It will also save you a lot of headaches later. As a rule, avoid risky investments like stocks, equity mutual funds for short-term goals (3 years and less than 3 years). This is because equity can be extremely risky and volatile in the short-term. You should try to preserve your capital and try to secure stable returns for short-term needs. However, if you have time in hand, you can be a little adventurous and invest in equity. It will help you earn a few extra percentages. This is because equity has the potential to give higher returns than any other asset class over a long period of time.

Don’t forget to review your investments periodically. Investing and forgetting all about it is not a great strategy. You should regularly check how your investments have done over a period of time.

Wealth Cafe Actionable – Where you are investing in Equity for long term goals, do not forget to sell your risky investments at least three years before your goal and park the proceeds in a safe avenue. This is to ensure that you have the money safely parked somewhere when you need it and the market risk will not hamper your goals. Start your investments now!!

 

 

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Timing the market for your SIP investments?

Many of us keep waiting for that right time to invest.

A popular stock-market adage is Time in the market is more important than timing the market’. It may be a popular principle but unfortunately not many observe it in practice. Many people based on the basic discussions, newspaper articles or just their basic reading believe that they understand the trends of the market and start timing the market to make investments.

The curious thing about market timing is that the market almost unfailingly moves in the opposite direction to what you would expect. If you buy shares in a company thinking that ‘this’ is the right time, you are appalled by the fact that the stock starts to fall just after you buy it. Similarly, if you sell out your shares in a company because you have a strong gut feeling that it’s going to collapse, you find it racing ahead of just about everything. It must have happened to the smartest of us.

Timing the investment in Mutual Funds

If you think you are immune to this behavior just because you invest in mutual funds rather than directly in stocks, you are mistaken. Mutual funds investors frequently try to time their systematic investments in response to the market’s ups and downs. When the market is falling, they stop their SIPs. When it is rising, they increase their SIP amounts. This invariably backfires.

SIPs work best when the markets are volatile. When the markets are high, you buy fewer units of your mutual funds through SIPs. When the markets are down, you buy more units for the same amount. This enables you to average your investment cost over time. But if you stop SIPs when the markets are down, you miss out on lowering your total investment cost. And if you increase your SIP amounts when the markets are on the rise, you keep averaging your overall cost upwards.

Now you may say that the solution to this problem is to do just the opposite: stop with SIPs when the markets are rising and increase the SIP amounts when they are falling. Unfortunately, timing the market in this manner is just as unfruitful. First, it is counter-intuitive. Many investors will have difficulty in carrying through their decision to invest when the markets are down and sell when they are up. And second, you can never really know how long the market may keep going up or falling. All in all, it’s quite unproductive to time the market.

How SIP Works to make the most of the market trend

When the market goes down – you get more Mutual Fund units
When the market goes up- you get lesser Mutual Fund units
Hence, the SIP helps to average the cost over a period of time and makes the most of our money. We may not always know that the market is down now, we should buy more or otherwise, SIP is automatically taking care of that for us.

The beauty of SIPs is that by definition they prevent you from timing the market. SIPs are about discipline. You decide an amount and a frequency, which in most cases is monthly. Then you keep investing in the mutual fund of your choice, irrespective of where the market is. Of course, you can increase your SIP amount yearly as your pay increases but then invest it evenly till the next revision. Since the markets are volatile, you will naturally benefit from the power of rupee cost averaging, which will increase your returns.

Wealth Cafe Actionable – As we have said, SIPs is an easy way to invest your money and it on its own makes the most of the market trend. Once you have started SIP, just keep reviewing your asset allocation occasionally and let them be.

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How to Invest through your Mobile Phone in a Mutual Fund?

Interbank Mobile Payments Service (IMPS) Facility: IMPS is a platform provided by National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI). IMPS allows existing unitholders to use mobile technology/instruments as a channel for accessing their bank accounts and initiating interbank fund transaction in a with convenience and in a secured manner. It allows investing 24*7 via mobile phone.

How does it work?

  • Unitholder needs to register for Mobile Banking with his Bank
  • The bank issues a unique MMID (Mobile Money Identifier) which is a combination of his bank account and bank code and also issues an M-PIN, a secret password.
  • Unitholder can now perform a transaction using a mobile banking application or SMS / USSD facility as provided by his Bank. For example: If unitholder wants to invest Rs. 10,000 in a mutual fund scheme using the mobile application, he needs to follow the following steps – In the mobile application; provide the
    • MMID of the scheme
    • His Mutual Fund Folio No.
  • Amount to Invest/transfer
  • MPIN issued by the bank remitting bank validates the details and debits the account of the Unitholder. It passes on the information to the beneficiary party (AMC in this case) via NPCI.
  • AMC shall, after validating the details, credit the folio/scheme account with the appropriate units and shall also provide an SMS/email confirmation to the Unitholder informing of the allotment

Wealth Cafe Actionable: Unitholder should ensure that the Mobile number registered with Bank for IMPS facility is the same as mobile number registered with Mutual Fund for the folio.

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What you need to start and how to be KYC compliant.

Once you have decided your goals and arrived at the amount you want to invest or you have your savings in place and you just want to get investing. You will need help to understand the following things to start your mutual fund investment journey.

We have discussed what is a mutual fund and different types of mutual funds.

Here, we are going to discuss how you can actually get investing and the very basics of doing that.

This guide is going to cover the very basic questions that our trainees have asked us about starting their first Mutual Fund investment.

Things you need before you start your mutual fund investments

To start investing in a fund scheme you need

  • a PAN,
  • bank account and
  • be KYC (know your client) compliant.

The bank account should be in the name of the investor with the Magnetic Ink Character Recognition (MICR) and Indian Financial System Code (IFSC) details. These details are mentioned on every cheque leaf and it is common for an agent or distributor to seek a canceled bank cheque leaf.

How to get your KYC ?

The need for KYC is to comply with the market regulator SEBI in accordance with the Prevention of Money laundering Act, 2002 (‘PMLA’), which undergo changes from time to time.

The KYC process is investor friendly and is uniform across various SEBI regulated intermediaries in the securities market such as Mutual Funds, Portfolio Managers, Depository Participants, Stock Brokers, Venture Capital Funds, Collective Investment Schemes, and others. This way, a single KYC eliminates duplication of the KYC process across these intermediaries and makes investing more investor-friendly.

Documents required to be submitted along with KYC application

  • Recent passport size photograph
  • Proof of identities such as a copy of PAN card or UID (Aadhaar) or passport or voter ID or driving license
  • Proof of address passport or driving license or ration card or registered lease/sale agreement of residence or latest bank A/C statement or passbook or latest telephone bill (only landline) or latest electricity bill or latest gas bill, which are not older than three months.

You will need to submit copies of all these documents by self-attesting them along with originals for verification. In case the original of any document is not produced for verification, then the copies should be properly attested by entities authorized for attesting the documents.

How to check your KYC status?

Given that KYC is a common process across various investment platforms. If you have submitted your documents earlier for opening a D-mat or any other investment, it may be possible that you are already KYC compliant. You can check your existing status and the application status on the following portals:

  1. National Stock Exchange
  2. CAMS Investor Services Private Limited
  3. KARVY KRA
  4. CDSL Ventures Limited
  5. Mutual Fund Companies – you can also process your KYC with the mutual fund company. However, you have to make an investment in the mutual fund. They will not process your KYC without any investment.

Wealth Cafe Actionable – Where you are a first-time investor, it is advisable to process your KYC along with your mutual fund application. It will reduce the time that goes into the same.

 

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How to practically invest in a mutual fund?

Mutual Fund Application form

Each mutual fund scheme has a form that investors need to fill. If you start investing in the systematic investment plan (SIP), you need to fill in two forms: one to open an account with the mutual fund and the other to specify your SIP details such as frequency, monthly installment amount, and date on which the SIP sum is to be invested.

Different ways in which you can invest in Mutual Funds

Like the many mutual fund schemes to choose from, there are several ways in which one can invest in them. One can invest online or offline or in direct as well as regular plans.

  1. Direct Plan: Since January 1, 2013, all mutual fund houses have rolled out a new plan under all of their existing fund schemes-the Direct Plan. These plans are targeted at investors who do not make their mutual fund investments through distributors and hence have a lower expense ratio compared to existing fund schemes of the AMC. This means that you, as an investor, will get an opportunity to earn a slightly higher return from your mutual fund despite it having the same portfolio. The direct plans will not charge distribution expenses or commission, resulting in these plans having lower annual charges and eventually, a different (higher) NAV compared to the regular plans. You can easily get the information about the respective mutual fund on their direct website.
  2. Mutual Fund UtilityThe MFU (Mutual Fund Utilities) is a shared platform used by all the AMCs in India. Now, the MFU has made it easier for all the mutual fund investors to manage and track their personal investments on the shared MFU platform. This can be done using the CAN (Common Account Number) service, wherein an investor needs to self-register on the MFU platform and will then be able to use their platform for tracking their own fund’s performance.
  3. CAMS KRA myCAMS is a web-based application developed by CAMS for investors to enable them to create a single login user id through CAMS website or through Mobile App Version and enable them to transact across all participating Mutual Funds who have authorized CAMS
  4. Through intermediaries: There is a wide variety of intermediaries available. These include most banks, distribution companies having a national or regional presence, some stockbrokers (including online brokers) and a large number of individuals and small financial advisory companies. All intermediaries have to be registered with the Association of Mutual Fund in India (AMFI), which also maintains a searchable online directory at www.amfiindia.com. The website also lists intermediaries who have been suspended for malpractice to protect investors from going back to them. The intermediary normally brings the required mutual fund application form, helps you fill the forms, submit the forms and other documents to the Mutual Fund office and sometimes even brings in the Account Statement. But, all these services come to you for a fee. Typically, agents charge a flat fee for these services.
  5. Through IFAs: IFAs are independent Financial Advisors, who are individuals who act as agents to facilitate a mutual fund investment. They help you fill the application form and also submit the same with the AMC.
  6. Directly with the AMC: You can invest in a mutual fund scheme by investing directly through the AMC. The first time you invest in any Mutual Fund, you may have to go to the AMC’s office to make your investment (because of submitting your KYC document). Subsequently, future investments in different fund schemes of the same AMC can be made online (provided this facility is offered by the AMC) or offline, using the folio number in your name. Some AMCs may extend the facility of sending an agent to help you fill the application form, collect the cheque and send the acknowledgment.
  7. Through Online Portals: There are several third-party online portals, from where you can invest in various mutual fund schemes across AMCs. Most of the portals have tie-ups with banks to facilitate easy fund transfer at the time of investing. These portals charge an initial fee to set up an account and facilitate future smooth online access to invest and redeem your investments.
  8. Through your bank: Banks are also intermediaries who distribute fund schemes of different AMCs. You can invest directly at your bank branch into fund schemes that you wish to invest in.
  9. Through Demat and Online Trading Account: If you have a demat account, you can buy and sell mutual funds schemes through this account.

Different Ways in which you can make the payment for your Mutual Funds

Cheque – You can draw a cheque in the name of the Mutual Fund AMC along with the exact scheme name and deposit with the mutual fund application form with the mutual fund company office or other agents/intermediaries – depending upon the option you are selecting to invest your money in.

Electronic Money Transfer
The traditional way to transfer money from one bank account to another is to write a cheque and then deposit it. The advent of technology has ensured that one need not go through such a tedious process anymore. Over the years, the RBI has introduced several steps that have resulted in the paperless transfer of funds through electronic funds transfer (EFT). There are several other acronyms that one comes across, especially when transferring funds online or through electronic clearances such as RTGS, NEFT, IMPS, and ECS. Each of these plays an important role in ensuring your investments are timely and you do not lose time when investing. Each of these options plays a role in the way your investments are treated in a mutual fund.

Electronic Clearing Service (ECS): ECS is an electronic mode of payment or receipt for transactions that are repetitive and periodic in nature. For this reason, ECS is most preferred and useful when investing through SIP. Essentially, ECS facilitates the bulk transfer of money from one bank account to many bank accounts or vice versa. Primarily, there are two variants of ECS-ECS Credit and ECS Debit. ECS Credit is used by an institution for affording credit to a large number of beneficiaries having accounts with bank branches at various locations within the jurisdiction of an ECS Centre by raising a single debit to the bank account of the user institution.

ECS Credit enables payment of amounts towards distribution of dividend, interest, salary, pension, etc., of the user institution.ECS Debit is used by an institution for raising debits to a large number of accounts maintained with bank branches at various locations within the jurisdiction of an ECS Centre for single credit to the bank account of the user institution. ECS Debit is useful for payment of mutual fund SIPs because these are periodic or repetitive in nature and payable to the user institution by a large number of investors.

National Electronic Fund Transfer (NEFT): This is a nationwide payment system facilitating one-to-one funds transfer. Under this scheme, individuals, firms and corporates can electronically transfer funds from any bank branch to any individual, firm or corporate having an account with any other bank branch in the country participating in the Scheme. Individuals who do not have a bank account (walk-in customers) can also deposit cash (up to R50,000) at the NEFT-enabled branches with instructions to transfer funds using NEFT. At present, NEFT operates in hourly batches – there are twelve settlements from 8 AM to 7 PM on weekdays and six settlements from 8 AM to 1 PM on working Saturdays.

Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT): This is a paperless method by which money is transferred from one bank account to another bank account without the cheque or currency notes. The transaction is done at bank ATM or using Credit Card or Debit card. In the RBI-EFT system, you need to authorize the bank to transfer money from your bank account to other bank accounts that are called a beneficiary account. Funds transfers using this service can be made from any branch of a bank to any other branch of any bank, both inter-city and intra-city. RBI remains intermediary between the sender’s bank called as remitting bank and the receiving bank and affects the transfer of funds. Using this method, funds are credited into the receiver’s account either on the same day or within a maximum period of four days, depending upon the time at which the EFT instructions are given and the city in which the beneficiary account is located. Usually, the transactions done in the first half of the day will get first priority of transfer than the transaction done in the second half.

Real Time Gross Settlement (RTGS): The real-time gross settlement is an instantaneous funds-transfer system, wherein the money is transferred in real time. With this system, you can transfer money to other bank accounts within two hours. In this system, there is a limit that you have to transfer money only above Rs2 lakh and for money below Rs 2 lakh transactions, banks are instructed to offer the NEFT facility to their customers. This is because; RTGS is mainly used for high-value clearing. The RTGS facility is available only up to 4:30 PM on weekdays and up to 2:00 PM on working Saturdays.

Interbank Mobile Payments Service (IMPS) Facility: IMPS is a platform provided by National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI). IMPS allows existing unitholders to use mobile technology/instruments as a channel for accessing their bank accounts and initiating interbank fund transaction in a with convenience and in a secured manner. It allows investing 24*7 via mobile phone.

Wealth Cafe Actionable – There are many options and ways to invest in a mutual fund. If you have the expertise to select a scheme by yourself then go for a direct option or CAMS KRA to invest directly in the scheme. Where you going through an intermediary to invest in a Mutual Fund, you must always understand their basis of selecting a particular scheme for you and review the same at your end before finalizing the option they have selected for you.

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Why should you do a SIP?

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) as we know it, has become the most favoured route of investments for not only the investors but also Financial Advisors in India. That is not surprising since they have so many advantages: Become a Disciplined Investor A SIP helps you to discipline yourself. You can commit a fixed amount each month to investments, and the amount gets invested at the pre determined date. This ensures that money does not lie in your savings account at a meagre 3.5% and there is no temptation to spend that amount as it is not there to spend. Rupee Cost Averaging Enormous sums of money have been lost by investors in a bid to time the market. But no one has been able to do it consistently. When experts have failed, the rookie investors will obviously not be able to gain much. It is a useless activity, even attempting to time the increasing volatile markets. SIPs ensure that a fixed amount is invested irrespective of the ups and downs in the market and hence the cost of acquisition of investments is averaged out. The timeless principle is “Buy Low Sell High”. However, investors tend to sell out when there is a fall in the markets due to panic. A rising market tempts them to enter the markets at high levels. SIPs help overcome this problem.
                                                                   Bit by Bit, you can grow your fortune
Achieve your Financial Goals Your future financial goals like buying a car, buying a house, a child’s education can be converted into the required monthly SIPs. For example, if you need INR 6 lakhs after 4 years to purchase a car. Assuming that your investments earn 15% per annum, you will need to save INR 9,198 per month to achieve a corpus of INR 6 lakhs. By converting your goals into monthly investments, you can view the achievability of your goals clearly and this also motivates you to stay on track with your investments. Compounding Benefits The biggest advantage of regular long term investments, compounding benefits. The investments made continue to grow year on year and the invested profits participate in growth in future years. Effortless Investments Once initiated an SIP can go on for as long as you want it to run with no further intervention required from your side. With a simple instruction, the SIP can be stopped at anytime. The convenience, returns and all the other benefits of SIPs have made SIPs the most preferred and the favoured form of investments. If you still have any questions, you can ask the same in the comment section below.

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