Why should you do a SIP?

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) as we know it, has become the most favoured route of investments for not only the investors but also Financial Advisors in India. That is not surprising since they have so many advantages: Become a Disciplined Investor A SIP helps you to discipline yourself. You can commit a fixed amount each month to investments, and the amount gets invested at the pre determined date. This ensures that money does not lie in your savings account at a meagre 3.5% and there is no temptation to spend that amount as it is not there to spend. Rupee Cost Averaging Enormous sums of money have been lost by investors in a bid to time the market. But no one has been able to do it consistently. When experts have failed, the rookie investors will obviously not be able to gain much. It is a useless activity, even attempting to time the increasing volatile markets. SIPs ensure that a fixed amount is invested irrespective of the ups and downs in the market and hence the cost of acquisition of investments is averaged out. The timeless principle is “Buy Low Sell High”. However, investors tend to sell out when there is a fall in the markets due to panic. A rising market tempts them to enter the markets at high levels. SIPs help overcome this problem.
                                                                   Bit by Bit, you can grow your fortune
Achieve your Financial Goals Your future financial goals like buying a car, buying a house, a child’s education can be converted into the required monthly SIPs. For example, if you need INR 6 lakhs after 4 years to purchase a car. Assuming that your investments earn 15% per annum, you will need to save INR 9,198 per month to achieve a corpus of INR 6 lakhs. By converting your goals into monthly investments, you can view the achievability of your goals clearly and this also motivates you to stay on track with your investments. Compounding Benefits The biggest advantage of regular long term investments, compounding benefits. The investments made continue to grow year on year and the invested profits participate in growth in future years. Effortless Investments Once initiated an SIP can go on for as long as you want it to run with no further intervention required from your side. With a simple instruction, the SIP can be stopped at anytime. The convenience, returns and all the other benefits of SIPs have made SIPs the most preferred and the favoured form of investments. If you still have any questions, you can ask the same in the comment section below.

How to do goal based investing

Setting up a goal is something that no one does these days. I am asking you all to set a financial goal.

Every time I ask someone – Why are you investing? What is the purpose of your investment? 90% people will answer to grow my surplus money.

I have money lying in my bank account. I am just spending too much. I thought it was time to start investing.

My next question is ‘for what do you want to grow your money?’ Their answer is to become rich or help in a financial need or to travel. Travel is a more focused goal but becoming rich? Isn’t everyone working to become richer than what they are today?

In cases, where your goal is more focused and clear, you will be in a better position to achieve it than your investments where it is not.

When you know where you are going, you are halfway there.

I know it is extremely difficult to sit with a pen and paper and jot down your financial goals. However, the difficulty of the process does not reduce the importance of the same.

I have listed below a step by step process of identifying your goals, requirements, money that you need and the products into which you must invest to achieve your goals.

What do you want to achieve in life?

I am sure you have been asked this question by various people ‘What do you want to be when you grow up? Where do you see yourself in 5 years? What do you want to do in life?’ These are all your various goals that people want to know.

What are the things that require money to be achieved – i.e. financial goals?

Yes. All goals need money but all goals are not financial goals. Wanting a promotion at work, Best in your field, learn a new hobby or activity are all personal and professional goals which does not require too much investment or any investment of money from your end.

Owning a  house, traveling to Europe, buying that car, your child’s post-graduation are some examples of goals which require a huge investment of money from your end and are called financial goals.

Hence, make a list of all your goals and from that highlight your financial goals.

Prioritise your goals – difference between Need and Wants?

It is very important to prioritise your goals based on its importance and requirement.

Needs are such things that you cannot do without and cannot be canceled, such as your child’s education or your first house.

Wants are things which you desire but can do without them such as a vacation, your second home etc.

Segregating your goals into needs and wants will help you prioritise them better. All the needs can them be numbered based on their importance followed by your wants.

How much money do I need today to achieve these goals?

Once you have made an entire list of your goals and sequenced them, you must identify what is the cost of achieving those goals. For example, if your goal is to buy a car, you must identify which car you want and how much would it cost. ‘I want to buy a car like I20 and it would cost me 7 lakhs INR today’ – this a well-defined financial goal.

Where you are estimating the cost of goal because you do not have an exact basis to calculate it, always consider the amount on the higher side.

By when should I achieve these goals?

The fact that it is a goal, it means it is futuristic and you do not have sufficient means to achieve it today. Hence, you must identify and apportion a realistic timeline towards your goal.

For example, I want to buy a car in next 2 years.

  • Goals less than 5 years: Short-term goals
  • Goals between 5 years to 10 years: medium-term goals
  • Goals more than 10 years: long-term goals

Adjust the Inflation

Given that goals are a futuristic, the current cost that we have associated to our goals will obviously increase in the future because of inflation. Identify the inflation rate towards your goal. The inflation rate is not the same for all types of goals; it varies depending upon the market conditions and the goal.

After knowing the inflation rate and the current cost, you will be able to compute the future value of your goal.

It is very important to identify the correct inflation rate. If you take a lower inflation rate your goal will cost you more than what you estimate and if you take a higher inflation rate, the future cost may scare or reduce your confidence to be able to achieve the goal.

Asset allocation based on the goal, cost, and tenure

Once you know your goal and its value, it is time to identify the investment products.

The tenure of your goals will help you to identify what asset class you must invest in and in what ratio.

  • The term is less than 5 years – 100% Debt
  • The term is 5 years to 10 years – 40% Debt 60% Equity
  • The term is more than 10 years – 30% Debt 70% Equity

This is a very general method of asset allocation. It may vary depending on your risk taking capacity and ability. Hence, it is important to analyze the same for oneself.

Portfolio Return Expectations

Return expectation from each class of the asset is as follows:

  • Equity: 12%
  • Debt: 8%

You will have to invest money in your goals based on the tenure and asset allocation. Each goal will not have one investment but may consist of many investments some in equity and others in debt. Hence, it is important to compute the return expectations for the entire portfolio, to be able to compute the exact amount you must invest to achieve your goals.

For example, my goal of buying a car is a mid-term goal, my asset allocation will be 40:60.

My portfolio return will be (40% * 8%) + (60% *12%) = 11.2%

How much money to invest?

This is the most crucial part, the entire computation of the above working will lead to identifying how much money you need to invest to achieve your goals.

There are various ways of investing but it is better to do it in a systematic manner. You can invest as a monthly fixed investment amount or invest annually with a fixed percentage of investment increasing per annum.

SIP – 7900 per month invested for 7 years will give you a return of 10,14,000 @11.2 %.


This method can be a bit complicated when followed step by step especially the last step of computing the actual amount that one needs to invest to achieve their respective goals. However, it is the most defined way of achieving your goals. There are many software used by us – financial advisors where the software does the same calculation for us. When you will sit with an honest financial advisor, the first thing that they will ask you is to define the goal. There is no plan without a goal and hence, such a working is extremely important for your financial planning.


Passive vs Active Investments

Have you heard about Index Mutual Funds? Are you aware of the concept? We have discussed the same below Active Fund Mutual funds are distinguished into ‘active funds’ and ‘passive funds. Active are those funds where fund manager plays a bigger role to ensure that the fund earns more than the set benchmark. For example, most equity funds will have either the Sensex or the Nifty index as benchmarks. The fund managers believe they have the ability to select stocks and time the market in a manner that makes the returns on their portfolio higher than what the market gives over a specific period of time. Passive Fund Passive funds are also called as ‘index fund’s. And as it goes by name, the only aim of these funds is to mimic an index. These funds invest only in scrips that are a part of the index and in exactly the same proportion as they are in the underlying index. For example, a passive fund on the Nifty index will buy all 50 stocks in the Nifty in the same proportion as are held by the Nifty. Each time a stock is taken out from or added to the index, the fund will do the same. On a day-to-day basis, this makes lesser work than managing active funds. Investors can expect almost the same return as the index though there will be a small difference between an index fund’s performance and that of its benchmark. This is called tracking error because of the various cost it incurs (brokerage, advertising, marketing, etc.) and the small cash component that every index fund keeps to meet redemptions.
                                                                                              Active or Passive? Which one do you intend to choose?
Should you select ACTIVE OR PASSIVE Funds? The costs in a passive fund are lower than an active fund due to the lower churning of the portfolio and no research required to run such a fund. Typically Index Funds have a fees of 1% of the Assets Under management(AUM). The fees charged by Active Funds vary from 1.50% to 2.25%. As an investor, you need to see if the higher expenses are justified by higher returns from the Active fund because over a long period the higher expense ratio can have a large impact on your returns. The level of risk in investing differs from one fund to another based on their investment objective. Active funds are more risky compared with passive funds since you are taking the risk of a fund manager taking stock calls that may go wrong. Within index funds also, funds mimicking broader indices are less risky than those that mimic a sector or a market segment. For example, the risk is lower in a Nifty Index compared with an index on the Banking Index or the Junior Nifty. Passive Funds (Index Funds) are best suited for the risk-averse investor. However, the clearest disadvantage of passive management is that at times, even if you do not want to participate in a particular stock or sector, you end up participating by investing in the index funds. In an emerging market like India, passive funds may not be the best of the options as many Active Mutual Funds have consistently outperformed the underlying index in the past 15 years. One may, however, consider having an Index Fund in his portfolio to reduce the overall volatility.

Why you should not buy financial products from your banker?

The simplest answer to this question is that, more often than not, the banker is more interested in the product than he is interested in you. To illustrate this better, we have discussed a few examples below: Say you have been a customer of a particular bank from 2008 tillBelow is what you would have typically experienced over this period of time. Your first job, 2010: Sir, along with your salary account, we are offering you a credit card, free of cost. There will be no annual charges and you can enjoy a credit limit of INR 50,000. Along with this we are offering you this “Investment product” which gives higher than market returns, especially for our customers. To make it easy for you, you can pay the yearly premium in 12 equal interest free installments using the credit card. (With this, he introduces you to the world of credit cards plus has latched you on to an investment product mostly a ULIP product (link on ULIP article) without you properly understanding the product. What he doesn’t tell you is the charges involved in delayed payments on the credit card, neither does he guide you as to how you can be a disciplined credit card user!) 2008, with the markets soaring or currently when the markets are doing  very well: “Sir, XYZ Mutual Fund has come out with a New Fund Offer (NFO). The new Fund promises very good returns since they are focusing on the Infrastructure theme which will give very high returns over the next few years.” “Sir, ABC Mutual Fund has come out with a New Fund Offer (NFO). The new Fund promises very good returns since they have a “new strategy” where they will identify “superior growth” stocks and generate superior returns.” (What he doesn’t tell you is the risks involved in investing in equities and that he is selling you a product which doesn’t have any track record of good returns!)
                                                                                                                                       Take an informed decision
Immediately after the 2008 crash: A period of silence from your banker. Obviously, he doesn’t want to bring up the returns from the ULIPs and NFOs he sold to you earlier in the year! 2009, post ban of entry loads on MFs: Sir, this is a unique investment product. It not only gives you high returns by investing in Equities, it also gives you an insurance cover. (What he doesn’t tell you is that ULIPs hardly take care of your insurance requirements. Neither does he elaborate on the various charges on the ULIP products!) 2010, post reduction in commissions on ULIPs: Sir, you should invest in this product. If you invest INR 25,000 per year you will get INR 13,70,000 tax free after 25 years and also an insurance cover of INR 10,00,000. (What he doesn’t tell you is that the rate of return is a partly 6%!) I guess many of you (irrespective of your age group!) will be able to relate to the above experience. It clearly demonstrates that your banker is more interested in selling the product that earns him the maximum returns with no consideration to what is the right product for you. He sees the immediate short term benefits for himself from the sales made to you. Why think like your banker and look at the short term? Think long term. Hire a Financial Planner, pay him a fee to give you the right advice and invest in the right investment product. Over a period of time, the benefits from investing in the right financial product far exceed the fees you pay your Financial Planner. Again, think long term. Educate yourself! It is very important in today’s time, when there is a pool of information everywhere but no good data, learn and understand and take an informed decision, rather than just following someone blindly. It is your money, if you will not treat it right, why would a banker do that. PS: There can be exceptions to the above kind of bankers. But, more often than not, the story is the same everywhere.

Mutual Funds: Pros and Cons

Over a period of time Mutual funds have become a very popular investment vehicle in India. The reasons for the popularity of mutual funds among investors are many: 

Professional Management

Qualified Professionals manage the Mutual Funds and attempt to maximise the returns and minimise the risk within the stated objectives of the Mutual Fund Scheme. 


This is the biggest advantage of investing in a mutual fund, especially for a small investor. This ensures that the investor is not exposed to the risk of a single sector and is not dependent on the performance of one company.


Low Costs

An investor can get exposure to professionally managed Mutual Fund investments for as low as Rs. 500. They can get exposure to big tickets investments(like some Fixed income instruments) through Mutual Funds. Also, SEBI has capped the maximum amount that can be charged as an Expenses to the fund based on the fund size.


Mutual Fund Schemes held by an investor are very liquid. They can be redeemed at the NAV of the Scheme which is declared every day and the redemption proceeds are received by the investor in T+2 days i.e. within two days of the date of redemption. 

Choice of schemes

An investors can make a choice from a large number of Schemes so that the investments match with his objectives and goals. 


Within Schemes, investors are provided with a number of options like Growth Option, Dividend Option, Reinvestment Option, Systematic Investment Plan (SIP), Systematic Transfer Plan (STP), Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP), etc.

Mutual Funds have come out with a number of innovative products like Trigger facility, transfer of equity gains to a debt scheme, etc. to satisfy the needs of the investors. 


This has increased the confidence of investors in the Mutual Fund Structure. Information is available to investors through fact sheets, offer documents, annual reports, periodic investment statements, etc. on a periodic basis.


Dividends received from equity schemes of Mutual Funds (i.e. schemes with equity exposure of more than 65%) are completely tax-free. Equity schemes held for more than one year do not attract any capital gains tax on redemption. 

Well Regulated

SEBI Regulations govern the mutual funds industry and protect the interest of investors. This also ensures transparency in the operating of the Mutual Fund. 


Though very less compared to the advantages, Mutual Funds suffer from the following disadvantages:

(a) In case the manager does not perform well, the fund may give returns lower than the index.

(b) The investor has to pay a management fees and other expenses even if the fund gives negative returns. Returns are not guaranteed.

(c) Investors have no say in their portfolio as the same is managed by the AMC as per the scheme objectives and customisation for an individual investor is not possible.


Risk Involved in Investing in Debt

Risk refers to uncertainty in returns. Debt instruments are considered less riskier than Equities because there is a lesser uncertainty in the returns one can expect from Debt Instruments. Never the less, following are the major risks are involved in investing in Debt Securities.

Interest-Rate Risk

Fixed income securities such as bonds, debentures and money market instruments face interest-rate risk. Generally, when interest rates rise, prices of existing fixed income securities fall and when interest rates drop, prices of fixed income securities increase.

For example: If a Rs. 100 par value security offers 9% rate of return, and the prevailing rate of interest increases from 9% to 10%, the values of the security will fall below Rs. 100 because it offers a lower rate of return(9%) compared to the market return(10%). The extent of fall or rise in the prices depends on the existing coupon rate, time to maturity of the security and the quantum of increase or decrease in the interest rates.

Credit Risk

In simple terms this means that the issuer of a debenture/bond or a money market instrument may default on interest payment or in paying back the principal amount on maturity. Even if no default occurs, the price of the security may go down if the credit rating of the issuer of the debt instrument goes down.

Investment in Government securities has zero Credit Risk as the Government is not expected to default on its obligations.

Liquidity Risk

This refers to the ease with which a security can be sold at or near to its market value. Liquidity risk can be measured by the difference between the buy price (bid price) and the sell price (offer price) quoted by a dealer. Larger the difference, greater is the Liquidity Risk. Indian Debt market has a higher Liquidity risk compared to Global Debt market, because of low trading volumes in the Indian Debt market.

Reinvestment Risk

If interest rates fall, the coupon payments being received on fixed income securities will have to be re-invested at the lower prevailing interest rate. This is known as Reinvestment Risk.

For example: If you are receiving 9% coupon on a fixed income security, and the prevailing interest rates are 7.5%, the coupon payment received will have to be invested at the lower rate of 7.5%.

As zero coupon securities do not provide any periodic interest payments they do not have Reinvestment risk. However, they have a higher interest rate risk.

choose ur fund

Open-Ended and Close-Ended Funds

The Indian market has begun to realise the potential of mutual funds as the most advantageous avenue for exposure to equities. Mutual funds are going to be your money partner for the rest of your life. It is worthwhile to spend a little time for understanding some basics related to mutual funds. We have already touched upon the types of Mutual Funds on the basis of the investment objectives (Equity, Debt, Gold, etc.). Another distinction in Mutual funds is based on the length of time for which the fund is collecting money. The two categories are Open-ended and Closed-ended funds. An Open-ended fund has a perpetual lifespan-Ended and you can invest in the fund or redeem your investments at any time. As inflows are unlimited and, typically, unrestricted, there is no limit to what the corpus can grow to. At present most AMCs prefer to launch has funded as it helps the AMC garner money A close-ended fund restricts the inflows to a specified period. They are open for subscription for a few days from the date of their launch. The Fund stops accepting funds from the public, once the subscription period ends. However, to ensure liquidity, the fund houses list their closed-ended schemes on a stock exchange. The number of outstanding units of a closed-ended fund does not change as a result of trading on the stock exchange. Apart from listing on an exchange, these funds sometimes offer to buy back the units, thus offering another avenue for liquidity. SEBI regulations ensure that closed-ended funds provide at least one of the two avenues to investors for entering or exiting.
                                                                                                                Choose the Fund to suit your purpose
Close-ended funds, by their feature, come with a fixed tenor ranging from 3 months to over 3 years. Most Close-ended funds are Debt Funds. Fixed Maturity plans launched with a fixed tenor, is the best example of a Close-ended Fund. It is not uncommon for Fund Houses to launch Close-ended Equity Funds. Such funds help the Fund Manager invest as per the market cycle and prevent the investors from cashing out in case of adverse market conditions. Once the fixed period for the close-ended fund gets over, the maturity proceeds are either repaid to the investors (typically, in the case of debt funds) or the close-ended fund is converted into an open-ended fund (typically, in the case of an equity fund). Once converted to an open-ended fund, the fund is open to subscriptions and redemptions like any open-ended fund. Close-ended schemes are traded on the stock exchange in comparison to the open-ended schemes. Also, close-ended schemes have different pricing as compared to the price you buy because they are traded on the exchanges. Different periods of time in the last 20 years have seen open ended and close ended funds change in popularity with the AMCs. In the early years of the mutual fund industry, fund managers were not sure if investors would stay invested in the fund. Due to this uncertainty on account of investor behaviour, most schemes launched in 1990s were closed ended schemes. With the growth and maturity in the market, fund managers gradually moved towards the open ended schemes. Funds switched to launching closed ended funds in 2006 and 2007 due to a cost advantage as the closed ended funds allowed to charge initial marketing fees from the investors. With changes in SEBI regulations, that advantage no more exists and currently AMCs launch open ended or closed ended funds keeping in mind the purpose of the fund and investor requirements. What, then, should be kept in mind by the investor while choosing between the two kinds of funds? Close-Ended Debt funds begin with a fixed tenure. This enables the Fund Manager to invest in securities in line with the term of the Fund. This reduces the Interest rate risk faced by the investor as the investments in the Fund are held till maturity. In case of Close-ended Equity fund, the manager knows the size of the corpus he has to manage. Another advantage is that there are no redemptions from the fund during its tenure. The Fund Manager need not hold excess cash in anticipation of redemptions. However, there is no proof to show that Close-ended funds have performed better than open-ended funds.

Gold Exchange Traded Funds (Gold ETFs)

In turbulent times, gold has shown up as an effective hedge against equities in a portfolio. Though there are many ways in which one can exposure to gold, investing in Gold ETFs stand out because of its many advantages and convenience.

Gold ETF is an Exchange Traded Fund that aims to track the price of gold. Just like how equity shares of a company are bought and sold on the Stock Exchange, Gold ETFs can be bought and sold on the Stock Exchange at the prevailing market price of gold.

How to Purchase: To be able to purchase a Gold ETF, one needs to have a Demat account and a trading account with any broker. Gold ETF’s are traded in units wherein one unit represents one gram of gold.

This means when you buy one unit of a Gold ETF, you are buying one gram of gold and that one unit(gram) of gold will be credited to your Demat account. In case of some Gold ETFs, one unit can represent half a gram of gold. Just like equity shares, you will have to incur brokerage costs when you buy or sell Gold ETF units.

Taxation: If the units of Gold ETF are held for less than one year, then you will have to pay short-term capital gains on such sale. If the Gold ETFs are held for more than one year you can pay either at a 10% tax rate on the gains without indexation or a tax rate of 20% with indexation, whichever is lower.

GOLD ETFs in India: India has the following Gold ETFs as on date:

  1. Birla Sun Life Gold ETF
  2. Goldman Sachs Gold ETF
  3. Religare Invesco Gold ETF
  4. Quantum Gold Fund
  5. SBI Gold ETF
  6. IDBI Gold ETF
  7. R*Shares Gold ETF
  8. Axis Gold ETF
  9. Kotak Gold ETF
  10. ICICI Prudential Gold ETF
  11. UTI Gold ETF
  12. HDFC Gold ETF
  13. Can Gold ETF


Gold ETFs are being traded in India since March 2007. Benchmark Asset Management Company Private Ltd. was the first to put in the proposal for gold ETF with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). However, that is no longer offered on the exchange.


Advantages of Gold ETFs:

(a) An investor can purchase gold in small amounts as one unit of the ETF represents one gram. These small amounts can be accumulated over a period of time.

(b) As the gold purchased is credited to your the account, there are no hassles with respect to storage of gold purchased.

(c) Compared to the purchase of physical gold, there are no worries with respect to the quality of gold purchased.

(d) Gold can be bought and sold at the prevailing market prices with no deductions with respect to making or handling charges.

(e) Compared to physical gold which has to be held for more than three years, Gold ETFs qualify for Long Term Capital gains if held for more than one year.


Gold ETFs have become the mode of investment in recent times and have been growing at a rate of over 50%.



Exchange traded funds


Exchange traded funds or ETFs (as commonly known), are the mutual funds that can be bought and sold on the exchange. They are both passive and active. However, in India, they are generally, passive mutual funds.



However, unlike Index Funds, an ETF is listed on the stock exchange and can be bought and sold through a broker. You will need to have a trading account and a demat account. Index Funds can be bought/sold only from/to the Mutual Fund.



ETFs, come with several advantages over the index funds.



  • Because of their structure, they have lower fees (typically around 0.5%) as compared to index funds.
  • They allow you the facility of buying and selling the ETF at real-time prices during trading hours. Conversely, Index funds declare their price only once in a day at which they can be bought and sold.
  • ETFs also have a lower Tracking Error. They track the returns of the underlying index better than Index Funds.



Though ETFs have a lower cost, they involve additional costs in the form of opening a demat account and the brokerage costs that need to be paid when you buy and sell an ETF. Index Funds are a choice for investors who do not have a demat account.



Why Invest in ETFs
ETFs allow long-term passive investors to diversify their portfolio instantly as they invest in the basket of securities. For shorter-term investors, they provide liquidity as investors can trade intra-day at prices near to the net asset value.



Investors also resort to exploiting arbitrage opportunities between spot prices, futures and ETFs. It gives investors better control and flexibility to manage their investments. ETFs have found favour with Institutional Investors also as a substitute for investing in Futures.

India joined the ETF club in December 2001 with the launch of India’s first ETF ‘Nifty BeES’ (Nifty Benchmark Exchange-traded scheme) by Benchmark Mutual Fund, based on S&P CNX Nifty Index. Since then a number of ETFs have been launched tracking different indices. Of late, Gold ETFs have become very popular in India because of its obvious advantages.


Financial Discipline

The problem in today’s world is that everyone puts their entire efforts in earning money. Both the partners work hard to satisfy family needs from the financial perspective. In doing so we are compromising on various aspects like health, parenting, reading books, spend time on self etc. We are so stressed out that we do not think of anything else. We have huge monthly saving to invest but we don’t plan and we are not sure where to invest. Most of the time the money lies ideal in saving accounts or they are made to invest in real estate by by non professionals. Or some bank agent sees their bank balance and manages to sell them a ULIP or some other high commission product in the name of their child’s future. By the time we realise that we made a bad investment, we would have already lost a lot of money in these products.
                                                                      To be a winner, you have to put efforts into something!!
We all are so busy doing so many things that regular financial planning takes a back seat. Further, lack of knowledge and enough information delays it even more. People don’t realise the importance of financial discipline. You make money, but do not put efforts to make the money you have made to make more money for you. If you channelize your savings properly you can easily achieve your dreams. With financial planning, you can do goal-based planning and ensure that you live the quality of life you always desired, ensure your children’s future, plan and retire early comfortably, spend time with your kids etc. Financial discipline also includes proper tax planning and timely tax filling. There are various benefits available for an individual under the income tax Act which are considered while preparing a financial plan. However, many people just invest for the purpose of tax savings and nothing more or less than that. This is not enough, you must get more discplined, define your goals, understand your savings, reduce your expenses and invest accordingly. The main purpose of this article is to encourage individuals to inculcate financial discipline. In our other articles, we have discussed about how to convert a financial discipline into gains by investing properly.

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